What Is Gestational Diabetes?
Gestational diabetes refers to high blood glucose level during pregnancy in pregnant women who have never had diabetes earlier. Based on the recent diagnostic criteria, the gestational diabetes affects 18% of pregnancies. Gestational diabetes starts when the body is unable to use and make all the insulin it needs for pregnancy. Proper treatment of gestational diabetes is advised once it is diagnosed.
Causes Of Gestational Diabetes:
In pregnant woman hormonal changes takes place, during the later part of pregnancy, this causes high risk for gestational diabetes. The baby is supported by the placenta and the hormones from the placenta help it to develop. But the placental hormones block the reaction of the mother’s insulin in her body. This condition is known as insulin resistance. As insulin resistance makes it hard to use the insulin for mother’s body, so she needs up to 3 times much insulin. At this time your body is unable to use as well as make the insulin it needs for the pregnancy.
Complications Of Gestational Diabetes:
In the early stage of pregnancy the gestational diabetes may cause high risk of miscarriage and birth defect affecting major organs like heart and brain. During pregnancy it also affects the developing fetus. The gestational diabetes during the second and third trimester may lead to excess growth and over nutrition of baby. During delivery and labor, a large baby causes high risk.
Check These Symptoms For Potential Risks of Gestational Diabetes:
Women with gestational diabetes have following risk factors.
- Sugar in your urine.
- Given birth to a large baby earlier
- Diabetes is generic or not.
- Giving birth to a stillborn baby previously.
- Gestational diabetes during earlier pregnancy.
- A member of a high risk ethnic group.
- Impaired fasting glucose.
- Being overweight before pregnancy.
Diagnosis of Gestational Diabetes:
During pregnancy high risk women should be diagnosed for gestational diabetes. The other women will be diagnosed between the 24th and 28th week of pregnancy. Oral glucose tolerance test should be done to screen for gestational diabetes. This test involves quickly drinking a sweetened liquid containing 50g of sugar. Rapidly, the body absorbs the sugar which causes high blood sugar levels within 30-60 minutes. Accordingly the treatment of gestational diabetes should be initiated.
Treatment Of Gestational Diabetes:
- Control high blood pressure.
- Following healthy diet as instructed by your doctor which distributes the calories throughout the day.
- Monitoring blood glucose levels 4 times in a day, 2 hours after meals and before breakfast.
- Measure weight gain
- Exercise after getting instruction from your doctor.
- If necessary, then take insulin.
- Measure urine for ketones which indicates your diabetes is not under control.
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Does The Baby Get Affected By Gestational Diabetes?
During latter part of pregnancy after the body of the baby has been formed even though the baby is busy growing, gestational diabetes affects the mother. Sometimes gestational diabetes does not cause the birth defects in the babies whose mothers had diabetes before pregnancy. The baby may get hurt by poorly controlled gestational diabetes. In gestational diabetes, your pancreas produces more insulin, but the insulin does not decrease your blood glucose levels. The insulin does not cross other nutrients, the placenta and glucose. Therefore it is advised to get through and timely treatment of gestational diabetes.
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