5 Common Eye Problems

Your eyes are undoubtedly one of the most important organs in your entire body. Unfortunately, many people don’t take great care of their eyes. While many Americans suffer from refractive disorders that cause problems like near-sightedness and far-sightedness, many more don’t. Those who don’t suffer from these problems often avoid seeing an optometrist because they feel they don’t need to go if they can still see.



Unfortunately, many more serious eye problems that can eventually lead to blindness can actually be caught and fixed if you just see your eye doctor regularly for checkups. Here are some problems to look out for:

(1) Macular Degeneration:

This is a condition most often related to age. In fact, it’s often called age-related macular degeneration. Of course, there’s not a set age at which this problem can occur. For most people, it won’t happen until the late fifties or early sixties. Some people, though, will experience the problem earlier.
Symptoms of macular degeneration include difficulty seeing because of blurry spots in the eye. Wet Macular Degeneration can actually cause bleeding and fluid leakage from the eyes, and it can cause lines that you know are straight to appear wavy. Dry Macular Degeneration, on the other hand, happens when vision is gradually lost over time, and it usually affects both eyes around the same time. Also, drusen, which are little yellow or white spots under the retina, can be a symptom of Macular Degeneration.

(2) Cataracts:

Cataracts are the leading cause of blindness worldwide, but they’re often operable and can be fixed completely simply by being removed. Basically, a cataract is a clouding on the lens of the eye, and it can cause cloudy or weak vision. In the United States, about 18% of adults over the age of forty have had surgery for cataract, but in other areas, treatment often cannot be afforded.

If you start to notice your vision clouding, see your doctor right away, as cataracts are easier and more affordable to fix the earlier you catch them. When you struggle with this problem, a surgery can be done to completely remove the cataract, and in some patients they may not come back for years, if they come back at all.

(3) Diabetic:

Eye problems are common in diabetic and pre-diabetic patients. In fact, one of the best ways to diagnose pre-diabetes is to get regular eye exams. Diabetic retinopathy is a common side problem related to diabetes. Essentially, it is a progressive damage to the blood vessels in the retina, which can eventually cause the patient to go blind.
About 50% of patients who don’t get their eyes examined regularly will catch diabetic retinopathy too late to prevent eventual blindness, so if you’re diabetic, it’s more important than ever that you get your eyes checked on a regular basis. You can reduce the risk of becoming blind because of this problem by keeping diabetes and blood pressure under control and by using certain eye treatments that can seriously reduce your risks of diabetes-related blindness.

(4) Glaucoma:

Glaucoma is a condition that causes certain types of vision loss. Open angle glaucoma occurs with slow progress over time, and often results in the patient not even noticing the problem until it’s very advanced. Closed angle glaucoma can happen all of the sudden, and it comes with pain and discomfort, as well. Often times, the pain causes patients to go to the eye doctor before the problem becomes untreatable.

Like most eye problems, glaucoma is easier to treat when it’s caught early. Tests for the pressure behind the eyes can help doctors see if you’re at risk for developing glaucoma so that they can help you fix the problem. However, not all glaucoma occurs with abnormal eye pressure, so be sure to talk to your doctor if you notice any vision impairment at all.

(5) Retinal Problems:

Retinal problems are another major problem that can occur with the eye. Some retinal disorders happen suddenly, such as retinal detachment. Others may develop over time. If you notice floaters or specks in your field of vision, for instance, you may have a retinal disorder. Some retinal disorders can cause blindness, though others may simply lead to a lack of clear vision for reading, driving, and other tasks.

Again, the best way to prevent these and other common eye problems is to see your optometrist on a regular basis, even if you don’t need glasses or contacts at this point. Plus, getting your vision tested regularly will help you get vision correction instruments as soon as you need them, which can prevent further loss of vision and can ward off common vision-related issues like headaches and eye strain.

Are You Aware Of Any More Common Eye Problems?   

If you want to list any other common eye problem that you are aware of and want the readers to be aware of the same please put them in your comments below.

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